Problems with the Indian Judiciary System

Dear Indians,

In Indian Constitution, Judiciary is the main pillar for the savior of the Theme of the constitution and the healer for the Indian People Rights. But a Question Rises why these Courts are cursed due to its Delay in Justice ?

In India , Justice from the courts is like a bless in the today's world. Guess the number of pending and unsolved cases in lower courts (Courts excluding High courts and supreme courts)? - 2.68 Crores, literally (2,68,51,766).


All Of us want to know the reasons behind the Justice Delayed Procedure in India. The Main Reasons are following:

Reasons.


1. Indian Judiciary allows appellate Jurisdiction till the apex courts and consequent prolific adjournments.


2. Lack of required number of judges and infrastructure and staff.


3. No alternate dispute settlement system like 'out of court settlements'.


(This is not Full Blog with Solution) I have Taken Few Lines From my Blog. Central Idea is given for the Discussion.

Full Blog with Solution is in Paid Form: Disclaimer

Link: http://indus7.blogspot.in/2014/02/problems-with-indian-judiciary-system.html

Uranium poisoning in Punjab | Contaminated Water

Uranium Poisioning Found 
 
Uranium poisoning in Punjab first made news in March 2009, when a South African Board Certified Candidate Clinical Metal Toxicologist, Carin Smit, visiting Faridkot city in Punjab, India, instrumental in having hair and urine samples taken (2008/9) of 149/53 children respectively, who affected with birth abnormalities including physical deformities, neurological and mental disorders. These samples were shipped to Microtrace Mineral Lab, Germany.
 
At the onset of the action research project, it was expected that heavy metal toxicity might be implicated as reasons why these children were so badly affected. Surprisingly, high levels of uranium were found in 88% of the samples, and in the case of one child, the levels were more than 60 times the maximum safe limit.
 
A study, carried out amongst mentally retarded children in the Malwa region of Punjab, revealed 87% of children below 12 years and 82% beyond that age having uranium levels high enough to cause diseases, also uranium levels in samples of three kids from Kotkapura and Faridkot were 62, 44 and 27 times higher than normal.
Subsequently, the Baba Farid Centre for Special Children, Faridkot, sent samples of five children from the worst-affected village, Teja Rohela, near Fazilka, which has over 100 children which are congenitally mentally and physically challenged, to the same lab.
 
Causes (Finding of the Uranium- Areas)
 
 
An investigation carried out The Observer newspaper, in 2009, revealed the possible that cause of contamination of soil and ground water in Malwa region of Punjab, to be the fly ash from coal burnt at thermal power plants, which contains high levels of uranium and ash as the region has state's two biggest coal-fired power stations.
 
Tests on ground water carried out by Dr Chander Parkash, a wetland ecologist and Dr Surinder Singh, also at Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar, found the highest average concentration of uranium 56.95 µg/l, in the town of Bhucho Mandi in Bathinda district, a short distance from the ash pond of Lehra Mohabat thermal power plant. At village Jai Singh Wala, close to the Batinda ash pond, similar test results showed an average level of 52.79 µg/l.
 
Background of the Problem | City of Cancer Disease (Faridkot)
 
 
As early as 1995, Guru Nanak Dev University (GNDU) released a report, showing the presence of uranium and other heavy metals beyond permissible limits in water samples collected from Bathinda and Amritsar district, however there was no response from the government at that time. The hotspot for this increased toxicity, however was the Malwa region of Punjab, which showed extremely high levels of chemical, biological and radioactive toxicity, including uranium contamination. As the region's groundwater and food chain was gradually contaminated by industrial effluents flowing into fresh water sources used both for irrigation and drinking purposes, the region showed a rise in neurological diseases, and a sharp increase in cancer cases and kidney ailments, for example in Muktsar district between 2001 and 2009, 1,074 people died of cancer.
 
 
Ludhiana 
 
 In 2010, water samples taken from Buddha Nullah, a highly polluted water canal, which merges into the Sutlej River, showed heavy metal content as quite high and the presence of uranium 1½ times the reference range.
 
Tests Conducted
 
Over the years, a case of slow poisoning was suspected by Health workers of the Baba Farid Center For Special Children (BFCSC) in Bathinda and Faridkot, when they saw a sharp increase in the number of severely handicapped children, birth defects like hydrocephaly, microcephaly, cerebral palsy, Down's syndrome and other physical and mental abnormalities, and cancers in children.
 
In March 2008, Dr Carin Smit, a Candidate Clinical Metal toxicologist, in private practice in South Africa, and Vera Dirr, a teacher of children with cerebral palsy, alarmed after seen a high incidences of abnormalities in local children at the Baba Farid Center For Special Children (BFCSC) in Faridkot, a not-for-profit organization working with kids, ailing from autism, cerebral palsy and other neurological disorders requested help for laboratory tests from Microtarce Mineral Lab, Germany. The centre reported a rise in the number of cases in the last six to seven years. The BFCSC uses naturopathic principles to treat is patients.
 
Subsequent tests, carried out on the ground water displayed levels of uranium as high as 224 micrograms per litre (µg/l). However, samples taken in the vicinity of the around the coal-fired power plants were up to 15 times above the World Health Organisation's maximum safe limits. It was found that the contamination included a large parts of the state of Punjab, home to 24 million people. In 2010, water samples taken from Buddha Nullah, a highly polluted water canal, which merges into the Sutlej River, showed heavy metal content as quite high and the presence of uranium 1½ times the reference range.,and together with other forms of pollution, like ammonia, phosphate, chloride, chromium, arsenic and chlorpyrifos pesticides, the rivulet, is now being termed as "Other Bhopal" in the making.
 
 
Question Raised in Loksabha n Test results by Finland and Bhabha atomic research centre

https://www.google.co.in/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&so urce=web&cd=6&ved=0CG4QFjAF&url=http%3A%2F%2Fdae.nic.in%2Fwr itereaddata%2Flsus3346.pdf&ei=727uUquVKcyTrgeSnIDoCg&usg=AFQ jCNFi2wiWSqD1dY2tmqI2Duzme6NJgg&sig2=deDFRxCGATL6lJLPDyrjAg

Syllabus of Punjab Civil Services 2014 (Updated)

Dear Aspirants,

The Official syllabus announced by the Punjab Public Service Commission as per following 2014:

Punjab Public Service Commission
Punjab State Civil Services Combined Competitive Examination
Syllabus: Preliminary Examination
The Preliminary Examination will consists of two papers i.e. Paper I General Studies and Paper II
Civil Services Aptitude Test

Paper –I General Studies

1. Everyday Science
States of matter, structure of atom, versatile nature of carbon.
Acids, bases, salt: corrosion in metals, action of soaps.
Life on Earth – evolution, marine & terrestrial life.
Human body and life processes, nutrition, disease - its causes & prevention, infectious
diseases, lifestyle diseases.
Public health initiatives, mother and child health, immunisation & vaccination, HIV-AIDS,
TB, polio etc.
Force-laws of motion & gravitation, Archimedes principle.
Energy – kinetic & potential.
Light – reflection & refraction – concepts and applications.
Sound – propagation & reflection- concepts and applications.
Electric current – concepts and applications.
Computers and telecommunication – concepts and applications.

2. Environmental studies

Composition and structure of the atmosphere.
Solar system – heat balance & temperature.
Atmospheric circulation & weather system, water cycle.
Climate change – fossil fuels, greenhouse gases, renewable energy, clean development
mechanism, carbon credits.
Water – oceans, rivers, glaciers, lakes, groundwater etc.
Biodiversity & conservation.
Soil – types, crops, food chain etc.
Pollution and toxicity etc.

3. Political theory & international order

Basic concept of freedom, equality, social justice, rights & duties, citizenship, nationalism,
secularism etc.
United Nations and its organs/agencies, other international organisations like the World Bank,
IMF, WTO, EU, G20, BRICS etc. and their role in the World peace, trade & development.
Indian polity
Basic features, provisions, schedules of the Indian Constitution, key amendments.
Panchayati Raj. Elections – People’s Representation Act, electoral reforms. Rise of
regionalism and coalition politics.
Armed challenges to the Indian state since independence.

4. History of India

The Indus valley civilisation.
The Aryan and the Vedic age.
Jainism and Buddhism.
The Maurya and Gupta periods.
Advent of Islam and Sultanate period (political, social & cultural).
The Bhakti Movement.
The Mughals (political, social & cultural till Aurangzeb).
The coming of the European Powers and the advent of the British rule.
The Mutiny of 1857.
The British rule and the Indian National Movement (1857-1947)
World History
The Renaissance and the Industrial Revolution in Europe.
Important Events namely The American Revolution 1776; The French Revolution 1789; The
Russian Revolution 1917; World Wars I & II.

5. Indian Economy

Indian economic development (1950-1991) – key economic policies, public sector
dominance, bank nationalisation etc.
Five year plans – key goals and main achievements.
Liberalisation, privatisation and globalisation era since 1991 – key policies, decisions and
results.
Performance of Indian economy since 1991 – Growth, fiscal & revenue deficits, trade,
commerce & balance of payments, inflation, growth of service sector.
Key challenges and responses – agriculture and food security, industrialisation, poverty
alleviation & employment, rural & urban infrastructure, social sector – health, education etc.

6. Geography

Population – distribution, density, growth and comparison.
Migration – types, causes and consequences.
Human development. Human settlements.
Land resources and agriculture.
Water resources.
Mineral and energy resources.
Manufacturing industries.
Planning and sustainable development in India.
Transport and communication.
International trade.
Geographical perspective on selected issues and problems.

7. Current events of national and international importance.

Punjab
1. Geography
Geographical and agro-climatic regions, rivers, water resources, sharing of waters,
demographics, human development indices
2. People, Society and Culture
Major personalities in history of Punjab, religious movements, major religions & spiritual
personalities, Punjabi literature, folklore, performing arts, fine arts and crafts
3. History
Sufis, saints and gurus, Lodhis and Mughals, Sikh rulers, the British period, nationalist
movement in Punjab, Punjab in independent India.
4 Economy
Agriculture, animal husbandry, industrial & service sectors, major occupations, development
& economic growth, public finance (including central-state fiscal issues), public sector
institutions, cooperatives etc.
Paper –II Civil Services Aptitude Test
1. Reading comprehension; Punjabi and English language comprehension, antonyms and
synonyms, grammar and sentence formation.
2. Interpersonal skills including communication skills
3. Logical reasoning, analytical and mental ability
4. Basic numerical skills; numbers, magnitudes, percentages, numerical relation appreciation
5. Data analysis; Graphic presentations, charts, tables, spreadsheets.


Best of luck.

Regards,
Pankaj Goyal
Whatsapp- 09915686002

Punjab Civil Services 2014

Dear Aspirants,

Today Punjab Public service Commission announced the date of Prelims Date for Punjab Civil Services 2014 and the Mains Examination Schedule with a Notice indicated on the Official Website.

https://www.ppsc.gov.in Webiste

Date of Prelims Examination: 16th March, 2014

Date of Mains Examination: Mid of July, 2014.

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Punjab-Civil-Services-2014/1408839372682030 Link


A lot of confusion is in the air of the aspirants, Kindly Share Your Queries here for the Benefit of others.

Best of Luck Aspirants.

Regards,

Blog Admin
Pankaj Goyal
Whatsaap- 099156-86002.